Under the new Right to Repair law, Coloradans will have the power to fix their cell phones, computers and more

A new law aims to give Coloradans more options to fix their broken cell phones, computers and other devices. Governor Jared Polis signed HB24-1121 into law on Tuesday, calling it “one of the most comprehensive right-to-repair bills in the country.”

The new law says device makers like Samsung and Apple must provide “documentation, software, data and other resources” to device owners and independent repair shops to help them repair devices. These materials must be made available at the same prices that the manufacturer charges to authorized repairers.

“Imagine if every time your car broke down, the only option for repairs was going to the dealer. That is not a world any of us want to live in,” Sen. Jeff Bridges, a Democrat who is one of the bill’s sponsors, said at an earlier committee hearing.

Opponents of the measure, including the telecom sector, argued, among other things, that it would pose a security risk.

The law also includes new restrictions on the practice of “parts pairing,” where manufacturers limit what types of replacement parts can be used in a device. The law says manufacturers cannot prevent someone from “installing or enabling an otherwise functional replacement part” or display “misleading warnings or warnings about unidentified parts.”

The new law expands the state’s previous “right to repair” policy. That law initially applied only to power wheelchairs when it was passed in 2022, and was expanded last year to include agricultural equipment. The changes have been led in large part by Rep. Brianna Titone, a Democrat from Jefferson County. Colorado is among the leading states in the movement to give consumers more power over the fate of their equipment and appliances.

The new law was largely along partisan lines, with support from Democrats and opposition from Republicans. The changes will take effect on January 1, 2026.

The new law contains numerous exemptions. It does not apply to video game consoles, modems and routers, safety communications equipment, medical devices, electric car chargers, generators and storage systems, power tools, boats and certain construction equipment, among others.

The Entertainment Software Association had pushed for an exemption for gaming consoles, arguing that including them would have made it easier to add chips that would allow people to play pirated games.

The law also excludes motor vehicles, but independent mechanics and car owners already have similar rights under a 2014 memorandum of understanding.

The nonprofit CoPIRG — which advocates for consumer rights — said the law gave Colorado the “broadest repair rights” of any state.

“This action makes Colorado the Right to Repair state – we will be able to repair more of our stuff than people in any other state,” Executive Director Danny Katz said in a written statement. Breaking the law is considered a deceptive business practice.

During a committee hearing, opponents of the new law argued that it would compromise the safety and reliability of devices by opening the market to independent shops of questionable quality and by making documentation and tools more widely available.

“The marketplace already offers a wide range of consumer choices for repair at varying levels of quality, price and convenience without the mandates imposed by this legislation. The market continues to evolve and manufacturers will continue to make changes to meet consumer demand while providing consumers with safe and reliable repair options,” said Michael Blank, director of state legislative affairs for CTIA, the trade association for the wireless communications industry.

During the hearing, Katz argued that the change was necessary because companies were using technology to gain more control over the market and prevent people from making reasonable repairs.

“Limiting choice and limiting the freedom to repair the things you own can lead to higher costs. It could also lead to more people deciding it’s just not worth it and buying something brand new and… that could also have a huge impact on our society from an environmental perspective,” he said.

The measure was also co-sponsored by Senator Nick Hinrichsen and Representative Steven Woodrow, both Democrats.

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